Common Krait – One of the The Big Four Snakes

Common Krait also known as Indian krait or blue krait commonly seen in the rural areas of India.

Common Krait is a member of the big four species or The Big Four Snakes.

Common Krait is commonly known as KALACH snake in West Bengal state of India.

Common Krait’s average length is 0.9 m (3.0 ft), but they can grow to 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in, head is flat and the neck hardly evident and their body is cylindrical, tapering towards the tail.

Common Krait is generally black or bluish black color and white crossbars.

Common Krait mostly feeds primarily on other snakes, They also eat rats, and mice, lizards, frogs and arthropods.

Common Krait is exclusively a nocturnal species and shows activity from late evening to early morning. Activity usually terrestrial but climbs well on rough surfaces in search of prey and hide.

Common Krait bite feels like that of an ant or mosquito and victim may not realize he has been bitten.

Common Krait’s venom consists mostly of powerful neurotoxins, which induce muscle paralysis.

Common Krait venom yield per bite is 10 mg (dry weight).

Common Krait is very active and escapes by hissing loudly, or keeping still, occasionally biting the source of the annoyance

Common Krait envenoming causes rapid onset severe neuro muscular paralysis which takes days to recover.

Common Krait venom contains β-bungarotoxins, which are presynaptic neurotoxins with phospholipase A2 activity and considered to be the major cause of paralysis

Common Krait venom  is considered to be medically useful and so it comes under venom trade with high demand and price

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