Black Mamba – Longest Venomous Snake

Black mamba is Africa’s longest venomous snake and the African mythology exaggerates their capabilities to legendary proportions.

Black mamba is also one of the fastest snakes in the world and can move smoothly over a surface with a twisting or oscillating motion at speeds of up to about 15 kilometers per hour. it can maintain such relatively high speeds only for short distances.

Black mambas get their name from the distinct black color present inside their mouth. and their skin color is an olive-brown to grey color.

Black mamba are shy and will almost always seek to escape when confronted but when cornered, mamba will raise their heads, a third of their body off the ground, spread their cobra-like neck-flap, open their black mouths, and hiss.

Black mamba‘s average life span is 11 years or more, size is Up to 14 ft (4.3 m) and weight is up to 3.5 lbs.

Black mamba inject an average 100 to 120 mg, but it can be as high as 400 mg per bite and 10 to 15 mg required to kill a human being.

Black mamba is commonly placed among the most venomous snakes in the world and generally they do not bite.

Black mamba’s bite was fatal almost 100 percent of the times, usually, death occurred within 20 to 30 minutes.

Black color present inside their mouth

Black mamba venom has a subcutaneous LD50 value of only 0.28 mg/kg.

Black Mamba generally eat small mammals, especially rodents, and birds but on some occasion they hunts  and kills other snakes also.

The female Black mamba deposits up to range from 6 to 18 eggs in a nest and guarding it over period of about 80 to 90 days.

Black mamba has no special conservation status. However, encroachment on its territory is not only putting pressure on the species but contributes to more potentially dangerous human contact with these snakes.

 

Dr Nicholas Casewell, an expert in snake venom has recently highlighted the potential of venom as a drug source.

“It’s very exciting, it’s a really great example of drugs from venom, we’re talking about an entirely new class of analgesics.”

 

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